However, survival studies showed that Mediterranean fruit flies continued to harbor viable GFP-tagged E. The results of a restricted field survey demonstrated that wild flies do carry coliforms and that some even harbor presumptive E. These findings highlight the potential of the fly to carry human pathogens and to serve as a vector for transmission of food-borne diseases. Our findings strengthen the need for further investigations to evaluate the actual epidemiological potential of the Mediterranean fruit fly to disseminate human pathogens. Control measures to reduce fruit fly populations should include cultural control, as well as strict sanitation measures both within and surrounding orchards.
These measures are expected to eliminate the risk of disseminating bacterial pathogens to commercially grown fruits. We also thank Zvi Mendel Department of Entomology, The Volcani Center for helpful discussions and three anonymous reviewers whose comments greatly improved the manuscript.
This work was partially supported by an intramural grant from The Volcani Center to S. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Appl Environ Microbiol v. Appl Environ Microbiol. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Phone: Fax: E-mail: li. Received Oct 26; Accepted Feb 1. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata is a cosmopolitan pest of hundreds of species of commercial and wild fruits.
Preparation of flies. Contamination of Mediterranean fruit flies with E. Contamination of apples by Mediterranean fruit flies. Field survey. TABLE 1. Sampling location Ecosystem type No. Open in a separate window.
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Flies samples were collected with McPhail traps loaded with Biolure. The traps were exposed for 2 weeks during March and April Statistical analysis. Transmission of E. Wild Mediterranean fruit flies carry coliforms and E. Microscopic examination of contaminated Mediterranean fruit flies.
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