Reflecting the development of Cumberland and its growing needs, the house was used as the first facilities of what later became known as Memorial Hospital formerly known as the Home and Infirmary of Western Maryland. The medical facility functioned there for only about two years.
First National Bank Baltimore Street. The Neoclassical First National Bank building was constructed in Chartered originally in as the Cumberland Bank; it was the first financial institution in Cumberland.
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The original building was three stories with two additional floors tacked on in The first floor was used by Schwarzenbach and Sons until the clothiers moved across the street. The YMCA departed in and, for more than a half-century, from to it was occupied by Peskins. Savage, Maryland. Schwarzenbach Building Baltimore Street. Designed by Cumberland architect Wright Butler and constructed in , the Schwarzenbach building has four large dormers with double hung sashes and segmented pediments on the mansard roof.
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Above the third floor windows are a series of iron arches and scrolled brackets that highlight the Beaux Arts style. This circa building, designed by George Sansbury, was originally the home of the Cumberland Daily News. Wertheimer Building Baltimore Street. The Wertheimer Brothers constructed this building for their clothing emporium in Rosenbaum Building Baltimore Street.
Architect J. Seibert utilized a number of Renaissance details, including three large arcades with three-sided bay windows above street level. Between each arch is a large circular molded brick medallion. Particularly interesting are the carved human heads in the stone surrounds of the arcades, placed on keystones. Gateway Center Baltimore Street. The remodeling preserved much of the facade and original Art Deco detailing. This corner stalwart is a fine example of Italianate commercial architecture that swept American downtown in the second half of the s. It was built in and once housed two banks.
The three-story brick building has upper-level windows with ornate segmental hoods.
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The Third National Bank building, now known as the Liberty Trust Bank, is an excellent example of early 20th-century commercial architecture. Its simple form and refined details reflect a shift in popular design away from the more complex compositions and elaborate Romantic Revival details common to architecture of the mid-to-late 19th century. Washington Lunchroom and Hotel 80 Baltimore Street.
It was a theatrical hotel, catering to many famous actors who performed in Cumberland in the early s. Highlights of the white-glazed, brick-trimmed mid-block building include scroll keystones and a wreath motif. Dime Savings Bank 76 Baltimore Street. The bank was chartered in and merged with Liberty Bank of Maryland in Constructed in the s, it is an outstanding example of late 19th-century commercial architecture. Two and one half stories, the Second National Bank features orange colored brick, brownstone trim, gabled tile roof, a Romanesque doorway on the east, and a semicircular bay on the west.
Its rich decorative details and variety in forms and shapes are common to the broad Romantic Revival architectural styles of the mid-to-late 19th century. The round arched windows, rusticated stone and heavy decorative details of the Second National Bank building are typical Romanesque elements.
Particularly noteworthy brownstone details include the impressive cornice about the entrance, in a floral design, and the brownstone lions seated above each pilaster. The historic district lies on a ridge west of Wills Creek, from which Washington Street extends over a series of steep hills.
The eastern portion of the district was once Fort Cumberland. In the s when the town of Cumberland was laid out, the fort was the focal point. Slowly, major city buildings and upper class houses were built along Washington Street. Three major architects made their imprint on the district. Locally prominent architect, Wright Butler received his first commission for the Allegany County Courthouse, to which he applied aspects of the Richardson Romanesque style.
Butler, along with other local architects George Sansbury and Robert Holt Hitchens, designed most of the 20th-century houses in the district. By the beginning of World War II, the neighborhood began a period of decline. Today, the attraction of living along Washington Street has been rediscovered, and the district has once again become a prestigious residential neighborhood. Lewis House 18 Greene Street. As a boy growing up in Pennsylvania, David John Lewis went to work in the coal pits at the age of nine.
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With only a fourth grade education he studied law at night as a young man and began practicing in Cumberland. Standing only a tick over five feet tall, Lewis was known for his intellectual passion and tireless work ethic. He never profited from his public service as his modest house attests.
Potomac Lodge 30 Greene Street.
This cornerstone for the Masonic Temple was laid in on top of the historic hill where Fort Cumberland once commanded the valley. Earthwork tunnels remaining from the fort run under the hill. Built in it was first known as Mt. Pleasant but when General Edward Braddock enlarged it the following year he named it for his friend, the Duke of Cumberland. The only building to remain from the fort is the small cabin that was used by George Washington as his headquarters when he was in the Cumberland area with his Virginia troops. It has been moved to nearby Riverside Park.
Flurshutz and Son. Emmanuel Episcopal Church 16 Washington Street. The church was constructed around and designed by well-known Philadelphia architect John Notman. It is modeled after St. The design in the form of a cross, executed in native yellow sandstone, is typical ecclesiastical architecture of the second quarter of the 19th century, especially that of the Episcopal Church.
The Parish House was built in and designed by Cumberland native Bruce Price who chose elements of the popular Second Empire style, an eclectic style based loosely on French architecture during the reign of Napoleon - projecting pavilion, tall windows and dramatic roof.
Researchers date this building from the first half of the s making it one of the oldest on Washington Street. Its high ceilings, thick doors and massive foundation typify early house architecture although its residential days are long past. Over the years it has done service as a church, bank, and law office. On October 16, , President George Washington arrived in Cumberland to review about 5, troops of the Maryland and Virginia militia gathered here during the Whiskey Rebellion.
A few days later, this militia army assembled upon the parade ground of old Fort Cumberland, where the Allegany County Courthouse now stands. The President appeared dressed in his full military uniform, and the entire population of the town was present to witness this historic event.
General Washington rode along the line, from right to left, and was loudly cheered by the men. Afterwards the command marched in review, and Washington raised his hat as a salute, while they passed. Washington had received his first command in Cumberland in and this was his last visit. Historically, courthouses in America have been the most architecturally impressive buildings within a community, the better to convey the authority of a local government, as well as to instill respect and recognition.
Designed in , the Courthouse was the first major commission of Wright Butler who based his design for this public building on the Richardsonian Romanesque architectural style. The massing and detail of the Courthouse are typical of this late 19th-century style, developed from the works of architect Henry Hobson Richardson. Characteristic of this style, the Courthouse combines the use of brick highlighted with stone belt courses and presents a uniform rock-faced exterior finish.